The next emperor, Michael III, immediately reinstated the Christ bust. Religious themes once again flourished on coins, most often associated with enhancing the emperor's legitimacy.Upon John I's ascension to the throne in 969 AD, he initiated a new standard for bronze coinage. Until this time, nearly all Byzantine coins contained the image and name of the issuing emperor. John ended this tradition on the bronze folles by introducing the "anonymous folles, " a series not struck in the name of any emperor, where Jesus is portrayed in the traditional bust form on the obverse; the reverse showed only the words, " Jesus Christ, King of Kings " in a mixture of Latin and Greek. After John I's introduction of the anonymous Christ folles design, his successor Basil II and later emperors issued variations that included the addition of a cross to the reverse while retaining the abbreviations of the original inscription around the cross. Later changes replaced Jesus' bust with a full, standing figure. Reverse varieties during this period show a cross with no inscription or a bust of the Madonna.
Prominent religious themes on the Byzantine coinage continued until the great monetary reform of Alexius I in AD 1092. In 692 the Trullum Council, convened by Byzantine Emperor Justianian II, decreed:We ordain that the human figure of Christ our God, the lamb, who took on the sins of the world, be set up in the images instead of the ancient [depection of Christ as the] lamb.It was at this time that Justinian introduced Christ on his coins. All Religious images, including Christ portrait on coins, disappeared in 717 A.
With introduction of the Iconoclast period by Leo III. During this tumultuous era, adherents of Iconoclasm advanced strict interpretation of the scriptural ban on graven images to include all religious iconography. The Iconoclast controversy finally ended with upon death of Emperor Theophilius in 842 A.
After more than a century of culture wars, rebellion, assassination and destruction. The next Emperor, Michael III, immediately reinstated.The Christ bust on the gold coins. Religious themes once again flourished on coins. First introduced by Emperor Joannes I, Tzimisces 969-976 A. , Jesus traditional bust shows on the obverse. Jesus Christ, King of Kings shown on the reverse. This radical design change can be linked to two sets of influences. As a propaganda tool, the religious message was intended to reinforce the position that, as the Christian Empire, Byzantium was in the right in the perpetual war against the Islamic invaders. The decision to create anonymous coins can be interpreted as an act of contrition, humility or perhaps simply good politics. It seems Johannes rise to the throne in December of 969 resulting from assassinating his uncle, the Emperor Nicephorus II. While Nicephorus II was very unpopular with the Clergy, he was in fact sinfully murdered.
On the day of Johannes coronation, he was stopped in the threshold of St. Sophia, by Polyeuctus, Patriarch of Constantinople, who. Charged [Johannes] conscience with the deed of treason and blood and convinced him to do penance in order to receive the Imperial Crown. The co-conspirators were all punished.
Johannes was pardoned for his sins, followed soon after by his reversal of earlier laws that were prejudicial to the property of the Church. Johannes new coin design may have been partly motivated by personal political concerns. The design, however, caught on. The anonymous bronze folles design was Christs portrait continued with minor variations for another century without any depiction of the issuing Emperor. Even silver and gold issues from this time, which saw far less circulation, either relegated the Emperor to the reverse, or eliminated him completely from the coinage.
Look at photo's and you decide the grade. In a Display Album with the Story of the coin and a. The item "ANCIENT BYZANTINE COIN of JESUS CHRIST LARGE 10th and 11th Century with COA" is in sale since Tuesday, December 15, 2015.This item is in the category "Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ Ancient\Byzantine (300-1400 AD)". The seller is "californiacoolcoins4u" and is located in US. This item can be shipped worldwide.