Item: i54026 Authentic Ancient Coin of. Byzantine Empire Heraclius - Emperor: October 5, 610 A. Bronze Decanummium 14mm (2.86 grams) Catania in Sicily mint, struck circa 622-623 A.Reference: Spahr 35; Anastasi 53; Sear 885. D N HERACLIPPAVg, bust facing, bearded, wearing cuirass, paludamentum and flat-topped crown with cross. Large I; on left, A/N/N/O; on right, X/III; in exergue CAT. Known in English as Heraclius , or Herakleios ; c. 575 - February 11, 641 was a Byzantine Emperor of Armenian origin, who ruled the Eastern Roman Empire or Byzantine Empire. He was in power for over thirty years, from October 5, 610 to February 11, 641 and was responsible for abandoning the use of Latin in favour of the Greek language in official documents, further Hellenising the Empire. His rise to power began in 608, when he and his father, also named Heraclius , the viceregal Exarch of Africa , successfully led a revolt against the unpopular usurper Phocas. Heraclius' reign was marked by several military campaigns. The year Heraclius came to power, the Byzantine Empire was threatened on multiple fronts. Heraclius immediately had to fight the invasion of the Empire by the Sassanians who were ruled by the Persian king Khosrau Parvez. The first battles of the campaign ended in defeat for the Byzantines; and the Persian army fought their way to the gate of Constantinople, the capital. The Persian army attacked the city from the east while an army of Avars, Slavs, and Bulgars attacked it from the west and from the sea. However, because Constantinople was protected by a strong navy and impenetrable walls, Heraclius was able to avoid total defeat. Soon after this, he initiated a campaign to rebuild and reform the military.
Following this success Heraclius moved into Persian territory in 627 and won a decisive battle at Nineveh defeating the Persian army. He was the first Emperor to engage the Muslims , and, in the Islamic world, he is seen as something of an ideal ruler who studied the Qur'an , was a true believer of Islam, and viewed Muhammad as the true prophet, the messenger of God. After his victory over the Sassanid Empire , he faced a new threat with the rising power of Islam.The Persians were quickly defeated by the Islamic forces and in 634 the latter invaded Syria, defeating the emperor's brother Theodore. Heraclius eventually lost Syria in a string of battles.
Within a short period of time the Arabs would conquer Mesopotamia, Armenia, and Egypt. In religious matters, Heraclius is remembered as the driving force in converting the peoples migrating to the Balkan Peninsula.
At his request Pope John IV (640-642) sent Christian teachers and missionaries to the Dalmatia , newly Croatian Provinces settled by Porga , and his clan who practiced Slavic paganism. He tried to repair the schism in the Christian church in regard to the Monophysites by promoting a compromise doctrine called Monothelitism ; however, this philosophy was rejected as heretical by both sides of the dispute. The item "HERACLIUS 622AD Catania Sicily Decanummium Ancient Byzantine Coin i54026" is in sale since Monday, February 8, 2016. This item is in the category "Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ Ancient\Byzantine (300-1400 AD)". The seller is "highrating_lowprice" and is located in Rego Park, New York.This item can be shipped worldwide.