Ancient Byzantine Coin

MANUEL I Comnenus 1143AD JESUS CHRIST Ancient Gold Byzantine Coin NGC i75095

MANUEL I Comnenus 1143AD JESUS CHRIST Ancient Gold Byzantine Coin NGC i75095
MANUEL I Comnenus 1143AD JESUS CHRIST Ancient Gold Byzantine Coin NGC i75095
MANUEL I Comnenus 1143AD JESUS CHRIST Ancient Gold Byzantine Coin NGC i75095
MANUEL I Comnenus 1143AD JESUS CHRIST Ancient Gold Byzantine Coin NGC i75095
MANUEL I Comnenus 1143AD JESUS CHRIST Ancient Gold Byzantine Coin NGC i75095

MANUEL I Comnenus 1143AD JESUS CHRIST Ancient Gold Byzantine Coin NGC i75095
Item: i75095 Authentic Ancient Coin of. Emperor: 8 April 1143 - 24 September 1180 A. Reference: Sear 1956; DOC 1a Certification: NGC Ancients. AU Strike: 4/5 Surface: 3/5 4632446-006 + KE RO-HEI, Facing bust of youthful, beardless Christ Emmanuel, with cruciform nimbus, five pellets in each arm of cross, wearing pallium and colobium, raising right hand in benediction and holding scroll in left; barred IC - XC in fields. MA/NOV/H / EC/O/T - TW / O/V/E/NH/T, Manuel standing facing, wearing crown, divitision and chlamys, holding labarum and globus surmounted by patriarchal cross: in upper field to right, Manus Dei. Manuel I Komnenos , or Comnenus (Greek:' , Manoul I Komnnos , November 28, 1118 - September 24, 1180) was a Byzantine Emperor of the 12th century who reigned over a crucial turning point in the history of Byzantium and the Mediterranean. Eager to restore his empire to its past glories as the superpower of the Mediterranean world, Manuel pursued an energetic and ambitious foreign policy. In the process he made alliances with the Pope and the resurgent west, invaded Italy, successfully handled the passage of the dangerous Second Crusade through his empire, and established a Byzantine protectorate over the Crusader kingdoms of Outremer. Facing Muslim advances in the Holy Land, he made common cause with the Kingdom of Jerusalem and participated in a combined invasion of Fatimid Egypt. Manuel reshaped the political maps of the Balkans and the east Mediterranean, placing the kingdoms of Hungary and Outremer under Byzantine hegemony and campaigning aggressively against his neighbours both in the west and in the east. However, towards the end of his reign Manuel's achievements in the east were compromised by a serious defeat at Myriokephalon, which in large part resulted from his arrogance in attacking a well-defended Seljuk position. Called ho Megas (Greek: , translated as "the Great") by the Greeks, Manuel is known to have inspired intense loyalty in those who served him. He also appears as the hero of a history written by his secretary, John Kinnamos, in which every virtue is attributed to him. Manuel, who was influenced by his contact with western Crusaders, enjoyed the reputation of "the most blessed emperor of Constantinople" in parts of the Latin world as well. Modern historians, however, have been less enthusiastic about him. Some of them assert that the great power he wielded was not his own personal achievement, but that of the dynasty he represented; they also argue that, since Byzantine imperial power declined so rapidly after Manuel's death, it is only natural to look for the causes of this decline in his reign. The Byzantine Empire , or Eastern Roman Empire , was the predominantly Greek-speaking eastern half continuation and remainder of the Roman Empire during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages. Its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul), originally founded as Byzantium. It survived the fragmentation and fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD and continued to exist for an additional thousand years until it fell to the Ottoman Turks in 1453. During most of its existence, the empire was the most powerful economic, cultural, and military force in Europe. Both "Byzantine Empire" and "Eastern Roman Empire" are historiographical terms created after the end of the realm; its citizens continued to refer to their empire as the Roman Empire Ancient Greek: , tr. Basileia Rhmain ; Latin: Imperium Romanum , or Romania , and to themselves as "Romans". Several events from the 4th to 6th centuries mark the transitional period during which the Roman Empire's east and west divided. In 285, the emperor Diocletian r. 284-305 partitioned the Roman Empire's administration into eastern and western halves. Between 324 and 330, Constantine I r. 306-337 transferred the main capital from Rome to Byzantium, later known as Constantinople ("City of Constantine") and Nova Roma ("New Rome"). 379-395, Christianity became the Empire's official state religion and others such as Roman polytheism were proscribed.

And finally, under the reign of Heraclius r. 610-641, the Empire's military and administration were restructured and adopted Greek for official use instead of Latin. Thus, although it continued the Roman state and maintained Roman state traditions, modern historians distinguish Byzantium from ancient Rome insofar as it was oriented towards Greek rather than Latin culture, and characterised by Orthodox Christianity rather than Roman polytheism. The borders of the Empire evolved significantly over its existence, as it went through several cycles of decline and recovery.

During the reign of Justinian I r. 527-565, the Empire reached its greatest extent after reconquering much of the historically Roman western Mediterranean coast, including north Africa, Italy, and Rome itself, which it held for two more centuries. During the reign of Maurice r.

582-602, the Empire's eastern frontier was expanded and the north stabilised. However, his assassination caused a two-decade-long war with Sassanid Persia which exhausted the Empire's resources and contributed to major territorial losses during the Muslim conquests of the 7th century. In a matter of years the Empire lost its richest provinces, Egypt and Syria, to the Arabs. During the Macedonian dynasty (10th-11th centuries), the Empire again expanded and experienced a two-century long renaissance, which came to an end with the loss of much of Asia Minor to the Seljuk Turks after the Battle of Manzikert in 1071. This battle opened the way for the Turks to settle in Anatolia as a homeland.

The final centuries of the Empire exhibited a general trend of decline. It struggled to recover during the 12th century, but was delivered a mortal blow during the Fourth Crusade, when Constantinople was sacked and the Empire dissolved and divided into competing Byzantine Greek and Latin realms. Despite the eventual recovery of Constantinople and re-establishment of the Empire in 1261, Byzantium remained only one of several small rival states in the area for the final two centuries of its existence. Its remaining territories were progressively annexed by the Ottomans over the 15th century. The Fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Empire in 1453 finally ended the Byzantine Empire.

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  • Certification: NGC
  • Certification Number: 4632446-006
  • Grade: AU
  • Composition: Gold
  • Culture: Byzantine
  • Era: Byzantine

MANUEL I Comnenus 1143AD JESUS CHRIST Ancient Gold Byzantine Coin NGC i75095